Finished. The long-awaited moment, much discussed in recent weeks, finally happened. The eclipse of the century delighted the eyes of spectators scattered around the globe. With its visual beauty, it attracted the attention of millions of people, who followed the phenomenon from one of the privileged locations or through online transmission.
But beyond blocking the passage of light, the total solar eclipse left its mark. It was not just a spectacle for the look. It was not just about appreciating the darkness in the middle of the day. Event size generated several consequences. Changes that affect the planet, weather conditions, humans and even animals.
First, the logical decrease of the weather when the Moon interposes between the Earth and the Sun. To estimate the degrees less that will mark the thermal, NASA explains that the descent is equivalent to the difference of temperature that exists between the day and the night in That time of year, for that place. Thus, the low could be around 3ºC and 5ºC, as recorded in previous eclipses. Although in US locations could be even higher figures.
Another change linked to temperature variation is the direction change and wind speed, as revealed by research from the University of Reading (UK). This happens because the hot air stops rising from the ground and extends during the course of the eclipse.
People could not only warn of the phenomenon facing the sky. Also, although practically imperceptibly, his body evidenced its passing. NASA issued a communique reporting on a peculiar fact that occurred due to the gravitational influence of Earth, Sun and Moon. The gravitational effect made people lighter. An average 80 kilos person weighed at that time about 48 grams less.
But in that report, experts added that there was another consequence: scientists explained that the planet’s crust increased by about 40 millimeters over an area of about 1,000 kilometers on Earth’s surface due to the gravitational forces of the Moon and Sun, which cause a tide in the solid part of the Earth. The agency said that during the eclipse was closer to the sun than before.
Finally, the animals. The vast majority of living organisms have a biological clock synchronized with the rhythm of the sun, so the period of darkness can confuse them and lead to act as if it were night itself. For example, in previous episodes it was observed that the birds stop singing or the bats wake up. However, this is still not scientifically verified. That is why this occasion was taken as an object of study to analyze these points.